September 1572.

After months of eluding the bearded white devils from the lost remote outposts of indigenous independence, the last remaining Inca was brought through the streets of Cuzco on a donkey enchained in the gold that was so precious to the Incas for its beauty and the Spaniards for its wealth and power ... in the main square of Cuzco, and after silencing the crowds and bidding farewell to his young children, Tupac Amaru, son of Manco Capac, the great-grandson of Pachacuti, the Ninth Incan Emperor, who unified the local tribes into a government where in the words of a later Spanish witness, the following could be said :

"[W]e found these kingdoms in such good order, and the said Incas governed them in such wise that throughout them there was not a thief, nor a vicious man, nor an adulteress, nor was a bad woman admitted among them, nor were there immoral people. The men had honest and useful occupations. The lands, forests, mines, pastures, houses and all kinds of products were regulated and distributed in such sort that each one knew his property without any other person seizing it or occupying it, nor were there law suits respecting it...

"...the motive which obliges me to make this statement is the discharge of my conscience, as I find myself guilty. For we have destroyed by our evil example, the people who had such a government as was enjoyed by these natives. They were so free from the committal of crimes or excesses, as well men as women, that the Indian who had 100,000 pesos worth of gold or silver in his house, left it open merely placing a small stick against the door, as a sign that its master was out. With that, according to their custom, no one could enter or take anything that was there. When they saw that we put locks and keys on our doors, they supposed that it was from fear of them, that they might not kill us, but not because they believed that anyone would steal the property of another. So that when they found that we had thieves among us, and men who sought to make their daughters commit sin, they despised us." (Markham 300) 

Thus, with eternal solemnity, the last Inca uttered his final words : As reported by Baltasar de Ocampa and Friar Gabriel de Oviedo, Prior of the Dominicans at Cuzco, both eyewitnesses, the Incas last words were, "Ccollanan Pachacamac ricuy auccacunac yahuarniy hichascancuta." "Mother Earth, witness how my enemies shed my blood."